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该 Simulate Pipeline API(模拟管道 API)针对 request body(请求正文)中提供的一组 documents(文档)执行指定的 pipeline(管道)。

您可以指定一个现有的 pipeline(管道)来执行提供的 documents(文档),也可以在 request body(请求正文)中提供 pipeline definition管道定义)。

以下是 request body 中提供的 pipeline definition(管道定义)和 simulate request(模拟请求)的结构 : 

POST _ingest/pipeline/_simulate
{
  "pipeline" : {
    // pipeline definition here
  },
  "docs" : [
    { /** first document **/ },
    { /** second document **/ },
    // ...
  ]
}

以下是针对现有 pipeline(管道)的 simulate request(模拟请求)的结构 : 

POST _ingest/pipeline/my-pipeline-id/_simulate
{
  "docs" : [
    { /** first document **/ },
    { /** second document **/ },
    // ...
  ]
}

以下是 request(请求)中  pipeline definition(管道定义)的 simulate request(模拟请求)及其 response(响应)的示例 : 

curl -XPOST 'localhost:9200/_ingest/pipeline/_simulate?pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'
{
  "pipeline" :
  {
    "description": "_description",
    "processors": [
      {
        "set" : {
          "field" : "field2",
          "value" : "_value"
        }
      }
    ]
  },
  "docs": [
    {
      "_index": "index",
      "_type": "type",
      "_id": "id",
      "_source": {
        "foo": "bar"
      }
    },
    {
      "_index": "index",
      "_type": "type",
      "_id": "id",
      "_source": {
        "foo": "rab"
      }
    }
  ]
}
'

Response(响应): 

{
   "docs": [
      {
         "doc": {
            "_id": "id",
            "_ttl": null,
            "_parent": null,
            "_index": "index",
            "_routing": null,
            "_type": "type",
            "_timestamp": null,
            "_source": {
               "field2": "_value",
               "foo": "bar"
            },
            "_ingest": {
               "timestamp": "2016-01-04T23:53:27.186+0000"
            }
         }
      },
      {
         "doc": {
            "_id": "id",
            "_ttl": null,
            "_parent": null,
            "_index": "index",
            "_routing": null,
            "_type": "type",
            "_timestamp": null,
            "_source": {
               "field2": "_value",
               "foo": "rab"
            },
            "_ingest": {
               "timestamp": "2016-01-04T23:53:27.186+0000"
            }
         }
      }
   ]
}

Viewing Verbose Results

您可以使用 simulate pipeline API(模拟管道 API)来了解每个 processor(处理器)是如何来处理 ingest document 经过 pipeline(管道)时的细节的。要在 simulate request(模拟请求)中查看每个 processor(处理器)的中间结果,可以将该参数 verbose 添加到 request(请求)中。

以下是一个 verboserequest(详细请求)及其 response(响应)的示例 : 

curl -XPOST 'localhost:9200/_ingest/pipeline/_simulate?verbose&pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'
{
  "pipeline" :
  {
    "description": "_description",
    "processors": [
      {
        "set" : {
          "field" : "field2",
          "value" : "_value2"
        }
      },
      {
        "set" : {
          "field" : "field3",
          "value" : "_value3"
        }
      }
    ]
  },
  "docs": [
    {
      "_index": "index",
      "_type": "type",
      "_id": "id",
      "_source": {
        "foo": "bar"
      }
    },
    {
      "_index": "index",
      "_type": "type",
      "_id": "id",
      "_source": {
        "foo": "rab"
      }
    }
  ]
}
'

Response(响应): 

{
   "docs": [
      {
         "processor_results": [
            {
               "tag": "processor[set]-0",
               "doc": {
                  "_id": "id",
                  "_ttl": null,
                  "_parent": null,
                  "_index": "index",
                  "_routing": null,
                  "_type": "type",
                  "_timestamp": null,
                  "_source": {
                     "field2": "_value2",
                     "foo": "bar"
                  },
                  "_ingest": {
                     "timestamp": "2016-01-05T00:02:51.383+0000"
                  }
               }
            },
            {
               "tag": "processor[set]-1",
               "doc": {
                  "_id": "id",
                  "_ttl": null,
                  "_parent": null,
                  "_index": "index",
                  "_routing": null,
                  "_type": "type",
                  "_timestamp": null,
                  "_source": {
                     "field3": "_value3",
                     "field2": "_value2",
                     "foo": "bar"
                  },
                  "_ingest": {
                     "timestamp": "2016-01-05T00:02:51.383+0000"
                  }
               }
            }
         ]
      },
      {
         "processor_results": [
            {
               "tag": "processor[set]-0",
               "doc": {
                  "_id": "id",
                  "_ttl": null,
                  "_parent": null,
                  "_index": "index",
                  "_routing": null,
                  "_type": "type",
                  "_timestamp": null,
                  "_source": {
                     "field2": "_value2",
                     "foo": "rab"
                  },
                  "_ingest": {
                     "timestamp": "2016-01-05T00:02:51.384+0000"
                  }
               }
            },
            {
               "tag": "processor[set]-1",
               "doc": {
                  "_id": "id",
                  "_ttl": null,
                  "_parent": null,
                  "_index": "index",
                  "_routing": null,
                  "_type": "type",
                  "_timestamp": null,
                  "_source": {
                     "field3": "_value3",
                     "field2": "_value2",
                     "foo": "rab"
                  },
                  "_ingest": {
                     "timestamp": "2016-01-05T00:02:51.384+0000"
                  }
               }
            }
         ]
      }
   ]
}