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2017-11-09 ApacheCN 开源组织,第二期邀请成员活动,一起走的更远 : http://www.apachecn.org/member/209.html


MachineLearning 优酷地址 : http://i.youku.com/apachecn

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Geo Distance Aggregation

在geo_point字段上工作的多bucket聚合和概念上的工作非常类似于range(范围)聚合.用户可以定义原点的点和距离范围的集合。聚合计算每个文档值与原点的距离,并根据范围确定其所属的bucket(桶)(如果文档和原点之间的距离落在bucket(桶)的距离范围内,则文档属于bucket(桶) )

PUT /museums
{
    "mappings": {
        "doc": {
            "properties": {
                "location": {
                    "type": "geo_point"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

POST /museums/doc/_bulk?refresh
{"index":{"_id":1}}
{"location": "52.374081,4.912350", "name": "NEMO Science Museum"}
{"index":{"_id":2}}
{"location": "52.369219,4.901618", "name": "Museum Het Rembrandthuis"}
{"index":{"_id":3}}
{"location": "52.371667,4.914722", "name": "Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum"}
{"index":{"_id":4}}
{"location": "51.222900,4.405200", "name": "Letterenhuis"}
{"index":{"_id":5}}
{"location": "48.861111,2.336389", "name": "Musée du Louvre"}
{"index":{"_id":6}}
{"location": "48.860000,2.327000", "name": "Musée d'Orsay"}

POST /museums/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "rings_around_amsterdam" : {
            "geo_distance" : {
                "field" : "location",
                "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894",
                "ranges" : [
                    { "to" : 100000 },
                    { "from" : 100000, "to" : 300000 },
                    { "from" : 300000 }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

响应结果:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "rings_around_amsterdam" : {
            "buckets": [
                {
                    "key": "*-100000.0",
                    "from": 0.0,
                    "to": 100000.0,
                    "doc_count": 3
                },
                {
                    "key": "100000.0-300000.0",
                    "from": 100000.0,
                    "to": 300000.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                {
                    "key": "300000.0-*",
                    "from": 300000.0,
                    "doc_count": 2
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

指定的字段必须是geo_point类型(只能在映射中显式设置)。它还可以保存一个geo_point字段的数组,在这种情况下,在聚合期间将考虑所有这些字段。原点可以接受geo_point类型支持的所有格式:

  • 对象格式:{ "lat" : 52.3760, "lon" : 4.894 }- 这是最安全的格式,因为它是最明确的lat (纬度)& lon(经度)
  • 字符串格式:"52.3760, 4.894"  - 第一个数值是lat(纬度),第二个是lon(经度)
  • 数组格式:[4.894, 52.3760]  - 它基于GeoJson标准,第一个数字是lon(经度),第二个数字是lat(纬度)

在默认情况下,距离单位是m(米),但它也可以接受:mi(英里),in(英寸),yd(码),km(公里),cm(厘米),毫米(毫米)。

POST /museums/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "rings" : {
            "geo_distance" : {
                "field" : "location",
                "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894",
                "unit" : "km", #1
                "ranges" : [
                    { "to" : 100 },
                    { "from" : 100, "to" : 300 },
                    { "from" : 300 }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

#1   距离将以公里计算

有两种距离计算模式:arc(默认) 和 plane, arc(电弧)计算模式是最准确的,plane模式是最快的,但是最不准确。当考虑搜索上下文是“narrow”,跨越较小的地理区域(约5km)可以用plane,plane将为非常大的区域(例如跨大陆搜索)的搜索返回更高的误差区间。距离计算类型可以使用distance_type参数设置。

 

 

 

POST /museums/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "rings" : {
            "geo_distance" : {
                "field" : "location",
                "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894",
                "unit" : "km",
                "distance_type" : "plane",
                "ranges" : [
                    { "to" : 100 },
                    { "from" : 100, "to" : 300 },
                    { "from" : 300 }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

 

 

Keyed Response

将keyed标志设置为true会将一个惟一的字符串键与每个bucket(桶)关联起来,并将范围作为散列而不是数组返回:

POST /museums/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "rings_around_amsterdam" : {
            "geo_distance" : {
                "field" : "location",
                "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894",
                "ranges" : [
                    { "to" : 100000 },
                    { "from" : 100000, "to" : 300000 },
                    { "from" : 300000 }
                ],
                "keyed": true
            }
        }
    }
}

返回结果:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "rings_around_amsterdam" : {
            "buckets": {
                "*-100000.0": {
                    "from": 0.0,
                    "to": 100000.0,
                    "doc_count": 3
                },
                "100000.0-300000.0": {
                    "from": 100000.0,
                    "to": 300000.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                "300000.0-*": {
                    "from": 300000.0,
                    "doc_count": 2
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

也可以为每个范围自定义key

POST /museums/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "rings_around_amsterdam" : {
            "geo_distance" : {
                "field" : "location",
                "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894",
                "ranges" : [
                    { "to" : 100000, "key": "first_ring" },
                    { "from" : 100000, "to" : 300000, "key": "second_ring" },
                    { "from" : 300000, "key": "third_ring" }
                ],
                "keyed": true
            }
        }
    }
}

返回结果:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "rings_around_amsterdam" : {
            "buckets": {
                "first_ring": {
                    "from": 0.0,
                    "to": 100000.0,
                    "doc_count": 3
                },
                "second_ring": {
                    "from": 100000.0,
                    "to": 300000.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                "third_ring": {
                    "from": 300000.0,
                    "doc_count": 2
                }
            }
        }
    }
}


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